The geology of the farm is made up of shale as well as Table Mountain sandstone. On the north side of the farm, shale, which is stratified rock , breaks down to form a red clay soil that supports the endangered Renosterveld vegetation and makes up the bulk of the farm which can be seen in the rolling hills. The front part of the farm which shows the view of the steep cliffed mountain, is Table Mountain sandstone which creates a sandy, acidic soil, supporting the fynbos vegetation. Combining these two results in an “ecotone” which attracts unique plant species, such as the exquisite spider orchid (Bartholina burmanniana).

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